Cholera Outbreak in Buenos Aires, 1868

For two years my wife and I lived at a small house, Altos, at the corner of Calle Moreno. I then bought a small quinta at San José de Flores and moved out there, ours being the first family to pass the winter outside Buenos Aires. It was considered quite impossible to do so, owing to the state of the roads, the one to San José de Flores having numerous big pantanos (pits) in which animals were often actually smothered. The road was quite impassable in wet weather for carriages, but, of course, I had the railway to go in and out of Buenos Aires; the difficulty was to get to the station at Flores. We had to use planks to get across the muddy streets; then came the long tramp of 13 squares morning and evening to and from the Plaza Parque.

The chief reason for our moving into the country was the insanitary condition of the town. I felt positive that sooner or later there must be an epidemic. There was no drainage. The soil on which the houses were built was becoming infected, The defecations, the waste water from kitchens, etc., went into wells 30 feet deep in the back patios. When one of these wells became full of filth and could hold no more, what was called a sangria (a bleeding) was made. A well was sunk to the same depth, as near to it as possible, and the sangria took place by pushing an iron bar through into the full well, after which no time was lost in getting out of the way, as the old well began to drain into the new, This went on for years, and some of the patios in the old houses were honeycombed with wells. I remember the case of a poor fellow (I believe he was a German) being precipitated into one of these old wells by the floor giving way under him.

It was in the summer of the year 1868, I think, that the first cases of cholera took place. It was during the war between Brazil and Paraguay, and the cholera broke out on board the Brazilian ships, caused, it was said, by the dead bodies being thrown into the River Paraná and thus infecting the water. I did not myself believe this could be possible; I think it came to Buenos Aires through soldiers or sailors returning from the war. Be this as it may, the cholera rapidly spread all over the town. The people fled in thousands into the country and took the infection with them; it came to San José de Flores. We had death in many houses round ours, and I was named on a Comite de Salubridad (Sanitary Committee) for the four squares near mine. I visited every house, and found sanitary arrangements most defective-with the well in close proximity to the resumidero (cesspool). I did my best to warn the people of the danger of drinking well-water unless boiled, of eating uncooked vegetables or fruit, made them bury all refuse, and keep floors and patios, etc., clean.

One morning before daylight a neighbour came to my window, the reja (iron bars) of which faced the street, and asked for a bottle of chlorodyne, as cholera had broken out in his house. In the morning I went over to see how they were, and found four already dead and four more ill. I immediately went to the Municipalidad, got eight peons, and had those still alive carried to an empty house that had brick floors in the next square. They all recovered; the dead were taken to the cemetery and the rancho was burnt down. It was simply reeking with cholera germs, having a mud floor that had become saturated with filth. It was proved that houses having brick or tile floors were much freer from the disease than those with mud floors. In my own house, with twelve people in it, we had no cases. I attribute this immunity to our drinking only water that had been boiled, eating only freshly cooked meat and vegetables-never any cold meat-keeping the corridors watered each night and morning with a weak solution of carbolic, and burying in the garden every particle of refuse of every kind.

That cholera can travel to lonely houses having no communication with infected places was proved over and over again. My friend Rodriguez lost his only son, yet no member of his household had been into an infected area. In a lonely rancho on his estate the inmates had not been seen for days; when the place was visited all the members of the family were dead, and the rancho had to be burnt down. There were many similar cases where the house had been surrounded with a dirty corral, or where animals had thoroughly saturated the ground with filth. Cholera germs travelling with the wind found there a congenial soil, as they did where the houses had mud floors saturated with the filth of generations.

We lost several English residents, amongst others Dr. Leslie, a great friend of mine, and this proved a sad blow to the English community. In the city of Buenos Aires, I was told, there were cases of colera fulminante -whatever that may be- men actually dying in the streets without any premonitory symptoms.

One result of the cholera visitation was that the drainage system of the city was at once commenced, and £10,000,000 was borrowed through Barings to pay for its cost and for a proper water-supply; another result was the impetus given to the living in quintas outside the town. Thousands of people went to reside in Belgrano, Flores, Quilmes, and other places.

Charles Darbyshire, 'My Life in the Argentine Republic 1852-1894', Frederick Warne & Co., London, 1917, Pages 70-74

La epidemia Europea de 1865 inauguro el traslado marítimo; tuvo caracter mundial y se caracterizo por su letalidad. Como sabemos se difundio por America llegando a nuestro pais de la mano de la inmigracion y la Guerra del Paraguay. Los escasos contactos con el exterior hasta 1850 nos resguardaron, el flujo inmigratorio tuvo efectos contradictorios.

Una de las causas de la epidemia de colera de 1867, fue la gran inmigracion y el final de la Guerra con Paraguay. Es sabido que la enfermedad viaja y aprovecha hacinamiento, hambre, guerra como se observara en Europa teniendo su confirmacion entre nosotros con el papel jugado por la Guerra del Paraguay, terminando con la terrible epidemia de 1867/1869.

Los muertos por el colera fueron alrededor de 1700.- y hubo que habilitar el Cementerio del Sud.

Recalde, Héctor . - Las epidemias de cólera [1856-1895]
Salud y sociedad en la Argentina oligárquica . - Corregidor, 1993

The European epidemic of 1865 inagurated the maritime transfer; it had a wordly character and it was characterised by its lethality. As we know, it was spread through America arriving in our country in the hands of immigration and the War against Paraguay. The scarce contact with the exterior until 1850 protected us, the immigration flow had contradictory effects.

One of the causes of the cholera epidemic of 1867, was the big immigration and the end of the war against Paraguay. It is known that the illness travels and uses overcrowding, hunger and war as it was observed in Europe establishing itself amongst us as a consequence of the war against Paraguay, ending with the dreadful epidemic of 1867/1869.

There were approximately 1700 dead due to the cholera and it was necessary to open the Cementerio del Sud.

Recalde, Hector. - The cholera epidemics (1856 - 1895)
Health and society in the oligarchic Argentina - Corregidor, 1993

El Mosquito se empeño en levantar el decaído ánimo de la población, enfrentandose con los rumores que daban pabulo al panico provocado por la aparicion del Colera en la ciudad de San Nicolas, donde comenzaron a caer de a quince a veinte victimas diariamente. Las autoridades adoptaron severas medidas. Empero la epidemia procedente de los campamentos del Paraguay, cobro sus 8.000 victimas. El flagelo reaparecio en 1868 no ocasionando tantas victimas.

Publicado en la revista El Mosquito (1867)

The Mosquito tried to lift the fallen spirit of the population, confronting the rumours that gave fuel to the panic provoked by the appearance of cholera in the city of San Nicolas, where between 15 and 20 people were falling victim daily. the authorities adopted severe measures. But the epidemic coming from the encampments in Paraguay, took its 8000 victims. But the scourge reappeared in 1868 with less victims.

Published in el Mosquito magazine (1867)

Buenos Ayres 23rd December: 1867

James Grierson Esq.
My dear Sir

Never since I came to the Country have I seen matters so bad in Buenos Ayres as they have been for the past ten days. Business is literally at a standstill and half the population has cleared out of town - even the poorer classes have got "panic" struck and are living God knows how outside of the Town. Curses loud and deep have for months back been breathed against the Municipal Body, who since the last visitation of cholera have done literally nothing towards the health of the town, but on the Contrary, by a strange and heinous perversness, have overlooked the carelessness of their employees and even winked at the glaring nuisances committed by many of the large property holders, until what was once the healthiest City in the world has been converted into a perfect sink of filth and corruption. The Standard does not exaggerate in the terms in which it describes the horrible state of filth and neglect in which the town has been allowed to sink. The smells for a long time past have been intolerable, and the River water actually poisonous - (the latter I know from experience - as I have no Algive in my house) and still the Municipality with old Juan B. Peña at their head refuse to move hand or foot to ameliorate the crying evil. The people who remained in Town could not stand such nonsense longer, but rose en masse and kicked the good for nothing lot out of office, appointing in their stead a Provincial Board of health who are working night and day to mend matters. In one of Anchorena's houses in Calle Defensa no less than 13 old Latrinas were found - every one of them full, and most of them open - and......

remaider of copy missing, but expected to be signed:

Yours very truly

John Thomson

Diary of Ellen Wyatt-Smith, January 1868
Saturday 11 January 1868

Baby not well either yesterday or today - Miss Hughes came & stayed lunch - after which we retired to our rooms & I took care of Baby (who got up much better after a sleep) & cut out the tops of some night dresses for her - Fred came in for a minute with Mr Green & Harry when they came home - & Mrs Green asked them to come to dinner tomorrow I stayed in bed for breakfast in the morning to write home

12 1st Sunday after the Epiphany

Mr Green read the morning service - John Green came out to breakfast - we all helped to arrange the veranda for Service while Harry & Mr Green walked over to the Darbyshire's & Fred's & at 3 o'clock Mr Ford came & a few congregation & we had aftn service Mr J preached a very good sermon & Milly led a hymn - Fred & Milly stayed for dinner Mr Fred said Dr Leslie was very ill with Cholera . The pkt sailed.

13 Monday

I could not go to town as I had intended because of the heat so put it off for the evening - but when they came home from town they told us Dr Leslie died this afternoon - he had worked too hard and had not strength to fight the disease.

14 Tuesday

Had a busy day sewing etc - Mr Green came home early to make up for a disturbed night last night when we none of us slept well - Harry came in time for dinner and said the Estancia would not be ready for us until Thursday - so I did not go to town in the evening we all sat up until midnight Mr Green & Harry walked over to Flores after tea -

15 Wednesday

Busy packing all day - Mrs Howdon came home with Mr G & Harry to dinner and after dinner Harry & I went into town found all well - Jem & I packed the music.

16 Thursday

We got up at 5 in the morning to send away the luggage to the Estancia in a Mudanza cart (a removal cart) & then went to bed again before breakfast - just at breakfast time, Juan (the gardener's) mother in law arrived from Merlo to tell us that after Christening their first baby the day before he had been taken ill and had died this morning of Cholera - Martini went out at 10 to receive the things and I and the two servants went by the same train Mrs Green's - found baby quite well but Marcelina had been ill and was better - Harry came out at 2 o'clock and then we all went on at 5 - Mrs Moore met us at the Station the whole Estancia looks a cloud of locusts and they have eaten almost everything Mr Stephenson is here - Tom Kelly & his young brother Michael are in bed with Cholera - Almost all the men had a touch of it yesterday but the others are better - Mr Moore Harry Mr Stephenson & Edrd Furlong - nursed him all night.

17 Friday

Tom Kelly died and was buried this morning - they all look very tired & sad - poor Mrs Morse has been at it two nights and is getting rather done up.There is a younger brother of Tom Kelly's also very ill and the old mother is watching by him - Asshewood also sent word he was not well & Mr Moore went over to see them gave him remedies & left him better but Mrs Kendall's boy not well - They have no hope of Michael Kelly - Mr Stephenson went into town this evening with a note to the Kendalls to come and fetch away their child -

18 Saturday

Michael still alive but not much hope - Mr Moore done up with fatigue Baby's first tooth made its appearance she is better & more lively just now than she has ever been - Harry went into town by the second train - there is no bread in the village - Mrs Kendall came out and went for her boy - found both him and the Asshewoods in bed - not ill they say - but hungry & having nothing to eat - Mrs K. stayed here with the child who was frightened & roared all the time until the next train when Edrd drove them to the station & when we could we sent the only other man we have, to Asshewoods and then came back for some water for them with some meat & biscuits Maria & I did out Mr Moores rooms and made him as comfortable as we could he is terribly done up - at ½ past 3 Mr Stephenson got back with bread & biscuits & brandy & some directions about Michael - Mr Moore got up in the aftn and he and Mr Stephenson took the carriage down to the last train and brought up Harry & Mr Moores brother - we had a moderately good night tho' Mr Moore & Harry had to go twice to see about Michael - Mr M thinks badly of him.

19 2nd Sunday after Epiphany

Michael still alive Dr Alfredo rather better - Edwrd rather losing heart - I think thanks to his mother who is a very stupid old woman - Mr Moore is a great comfort. Several times in the day they gave up hope of Michael but he still lives on. Maria & Marcelina a little out of sorts but came all right with a dose and care - Harry read the Morning Service and after dinner he and Mr Moore went in the carriage to see Miguel Cigarrero whose wife and child were not well. Mr Moore thinks well of them. Mrs Asshewood came up in the morning - they are the most helpless people I ever knew - Harry gave her some extractum callus - the servants behave splendidly & never tire or loose heart - tonight we have got Mrs Kelly to lie down on a catre (a cot or camp bed) in the ironing room and Mr Moore has given her a small opiate he says Michael cannot last much longer he & Harry are going to sit up with him.

(Feb 16th - I have never written in this since the above date but will try now how much I can remember)

20 Monday

Michael died early in the morning & Marcelina and I were both ill - so Harry said we must all get into town if possible - I went twice to see Marcelina and then was so ill myself as to be unable to move out of bed but I dressed baby on my bed and the servants dressed Marcelina & we were ready for the second train. When she took a fit of sickness & was quite unable to go - Mr A Moore had been poorly all night as he and Mr Stephenson had gone to town by the first train - and now Mr Moore took baby and me and we sent back a carriage from Maron (?) to bring Harry and the servants - Baby was very good all the way and when we got to town Martin waited upon us and I gave her some Extratium Callus and I sent a note and a carriage to ask Mrs Smith to come and help me or to send a servant for I had been so ill in the morning I was afraid of it coming on again and I was helpless with Baby - Fred went out to Merlo and Mrs Smith came to me - poor Baby would not go to anyone and would only scream all that day - Mrs Smith stayed all day until evening when she went home & sent back with some cold beef for my dinner and to stay all night if they did not come home from Merlo Jem & Mr Forrest came in & took great care of me Mrs F got some ice and gave me iced champagne and then iced Brandy and water when I went to bed & by the last train the two servants came home & they said - that Harry had kept the carriage from Maron until 6 o'clock and they sent it back for Marcelina was far too ill to move - so he & Fred had stayed & Eliza said she had promised to go back the next day to help them, but that she had got very frightened and did not like to go - so I said she must not go for she would only be an anxiety if she was nervous - they brought me a little note from Harry - and we went to bed - Baby was very good & Eliza and Maria slept in the nursery to be near me - the former slept very well but Maria and I could not sleep. (Eliza is a servant, whether of Ellen's or someone else's, a bit hard to follow)

21 Tuesday

Eliza went to the market and when she came home said she did not feel well - Martin & Maria were also poorly and could eat nothing - all through this time the weather has been terribly hot and dusty & the thirst almost unbearable I made Eliza lie down tho she was not very ill and I sent for Dr Leeson to have his advice for us all. I also was not well - Mrs Smith came and from that time stayed with me day and night all through and I had any number of calls from Gentlemen - The Dr came - ordered cholera remedies for Eliza and gave advice to the rest and we nursed Eliza all day until the evening when I sent for her sister to stay the night with her. I sent to ask Grace Black if she would come to us and Mr Black came to ask if we would go there instead I got a note from Harry saying Marcelina was not to be moved for some days and he could not leave her for she was very nervous and always called out for El Patron - they had got a doctor and he had found a woman from the village to come and nurse her for a hundred frs the day and night - Mrs Furlong & Edwrd & came into town just after us and there was no one left - except old Mrs Kelly and the man John - some one from town goes out to Harry every night they are all so kind but it is terrible - The Dr came three times and this night as the fatigue had made me ill again he said I must go at once to bed and get up for nothing - I did as soon as I could and was then ill in bed for five days - Mrs Smith slept beside me every night and happily baby took to her and would let her give her her food in the night - for Maria was done up with nursing and fright

22 Wednesday

Mrs Smith went to see Eliza and came back and told me she was dying - Father Faby had been to see her & the sisters of Charity & when the Dr came he said she could not get better - she however rallied again and in the afternoon while Mrs Smith was gone home for a couple of hours, Mrs Leeson called - I went twice to see her and cheer them all up a little she was in the spare room and we had to have all the doors open for the heat & all day and all night I could hear her constantly groaning - that night Fred came and stayed all night and he and Mrs Forrest, Seddon Smith and Jem - nursed her all afternoon and all that night and rubbing her limbs without ceasing and in the evening the Dr said she was no worse and if she could sleep at all in the night, might get better - they nursed her all night & in the morning she got delirious and they gave her an opiate and she fell asleep and after sleeping ½ an hour she died - she was buried in the afternoon and Mr Forrest Seddon Smith and Jem went to the funeral - Harry came home and found Mrs Ford calling on me Mrs Fowinkel came in the evening to see if she could help us - but I was all right with Harry - he said Marcelina was much better but Ricaldi and his wife had both died and two children and there are four left. Harry went to the office to write for the Pkt Mrs Leeson had lent me some clothes for Baby and they asked Harry to dine with them every day - (Written lengthways up this page = 23rd Thursday, the writing in the diary continues from Wednesday entry without break)

24 Friday

I was very poorly & sick and Dr Leeson said I must have some soup - so he went home and brought me a little can full & after that they made me some every day - and this day cooked dinner for us - Harry also sent me some meat jelly from the club - I wrote a pencil letter to Maria - Very poorly all day and could not sleep at all at night. Baby slept both nights with Maria for company for her & was very good - Mrs Smith did not come for she was not well - Mr S called to tell me in the morning - Mrs Leeson also not well.

25th Saturday

I fell asleep for a little in the morning and when I woke I heard baby crying out in the nursery & I went to her and lay down on the bed beside her but was to ill to move or get back to bed - so Harry came and fed me with breakfast ie egg & champagne and after that Milly & Fred with Maria & the nurse came I went back to bed and Milly sat with me for a while and then she put Baby to sleep and I fell asleep too and when I woke - they were all gone and Harry too - Grace Black sent me some jelly - they were all busy Christening Eliza's baby Maud (J.B-S = This is Eliza Darbyshire's baby daughter) - In the evening Milly came again & she left her nurse Maria to stay all night - a very great blessing for her poor Maria's sake - Mrs Ford called.

26 Sunday 3rd After Epiphany

I awoke much better after a good night. Harry went to church in the morning and I got up & lay on the Sala sofa in my dressing gown - Harry brought me some jelly from the club and Grace Black sent us some dinner ready cooked - Our third wedding day.

© 2006, Judy Barradell-Smith

British Community Deaths in Buenos Aires by Cholera, 1867 to 1869

DateLast NameFirst NameAgeBirthplaceOccupationCause of deathAbode at time of deathOfficiating Minister
4/4/1867BarrDaniel33State of Delaware, USAWardroom cookCholera morbisUS Steamer Shamokin, Inner Roads, Buenos AiresW. Goodfellow
6/4/1867GodwinArnold19State of New York, USASeamanCholera morbisUS Steamer Shamokin, Inner Roads, Buenos AiresFrancis N. Lett
13/4/1867GibsonJames72ScotlandTailorCholerineBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
13/4/1867ReeveyWilliam37EnglandSeamanCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
15/4/1867AstleNicholas45EnglandShip carpenterCholeraOuter Roads, Buenos AiresH. L. Carpenter, Sexton
16/4/1867WebsterG. A.36Scotlandex-Lieutenant with English ServiceCholeraBritish HospitalJames Smith
17/4/1867DuncanGeorge37ScotlandLabourerCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
18/4/1867MasonThomas2¾Buenos AiresChildCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
18/4/1867FisherElizabeth80 or 65?CornwallWidowCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
19/4/1867HamiltonJane66IrelandWidowCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
20/4/1867BrowdieJohn36IrelandFiremanCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
20/4/1867KirkFrederick39EnglandMechanical EngineerCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
20/4/1867RossSusannah   CholeraBuenos AiresH. L. Carpenter, Sexton
21/4/1867HigginsJames60ScotlandPilotCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
21/4/1867LordCharles4TuyúChildCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
22/4/1867ThompsonJames49U.S.A.ServantCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
23/4/1867MoodyMary Hannah24Buenos AiresMarried womanCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
23/4/1867AndrewsWilliam29Ross, HerefordshireEngine driverCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
23/4/1867LordSarah27ChesterWife of Mr Lord, TuyúCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
24/4/1867ParkinsonElizabeth HenriettaBuenos AiresChildCholera morbisBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
24/4/1867RomanHenriqueta43SwitzerlandWifeCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
25/4/1867ElliottJane66ScotlandWifeCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
25/4/1867WestCharles27Bristol, EnglandMate in British mercantile marineCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
25/4/1867BrownJames23England CholeraBritish HospitalW. Goodfellow
26/4/1867MorganMary66EnglandWidowCholeraBritish HospitalW. Goodfellow
27/4/1867ElliottThomas67ScotlandCarpenterCholeraBritish HospitalW. Goodfellow
24/5/1867GibsonAgnes70Scotland CholerineBuenos AiresJames Smith
6/12/1867KnoxJames24EnglandFormerly Merchant's Clerk, lately Corporal in Foreign LegionCholeraBuenos Aires, Retiro BarracksJ. Chubb Ford
9/12/1867HutchinsCharles25EnglandSeamanCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
10/12/1867MillsMaria49England Cholera James Smith
11/12/1867BluesMargaret58Scotland CholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
12/12/1867KenedyAlexander35Buenos Aires CholeraBuenos AiresH. L. Carpenter, Sexton
13/12/1867RobertsWilliam22WalesLabourerCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
13/12/1867BrokeJohn33EnglandStevedoreCholeraBuenos Aires, Native HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
13/12/1867AltmanArthur Joseph4y. 10½m.Port Natal CholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
14/12/1867MillsSamuel65IrelandPensionerCholeraBuenos AiresH. L. Carpenter, Sexton
16/12/1867AltmanAlbert Joseph5m.England CholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
18/12/1867MurrayWilliam59Scotland Cholera James Smith
19/12/1867DaileyCharles Dennis7Buenos Aires CholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
19/12/1867GibsonAgnes23Buenos AiresA young ladyCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
21/12/1867EllisMary Ann28Scotland CholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
22/12/1867WilliamsCatherine1y. 10m.Buenos AiresChildCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
22/12/1867CondonThomas23St. John's, New BrunswickSeamanCholeraOuter Roads, Buenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
23/12/1867DunleyJames C.28EnglandMaster mariner, S.S. BeautyCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
23/12/1867BarcroftWilliam67USA CholeraBuenos AiresJ. F. Thompson
24/12/1867WilliamsThomas28WalesBlacksmithCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
25/12/1867WilliamsCatharine38IrelandHousekeeperCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
26/12/1867FarringtonElijah73USAMerchantDiarrhoeic CholericBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
27/12/1867JordanEben59USASeamanCholeraBritish HospitalW. Goodfellow
28/12/1867RitchieElizabeth67Scotland CholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
28/12/1867GrahamJames Aston26ScotlandMerchantCholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
30/12/1867PowellThomas58LeominsterSheep farmerCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
31/12/1867EverettCatherine13Entre Rios CholeraBoca del Riachuelo, Buenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
31/12/1867HuntAnne62Scotland CholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
31/12/1867ClarkeSarah35Buenos Aires CholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
1/1/1868EverettJohn2Buenos Aires CholeraBoca del Riachuelo, Buenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
1/1/1868JamesCharles30LondonFiremanCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
1/1/1868LaneThomas31CornwallPainterCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
1/1/1868HuggardIsabella43Dublin, IrelandMarried womanCholeraBuenos AiresH. L. Carpenter, Sexton
2/1/1868JackMargaret78Scotland CholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
2/1/1868BrookingJoseph40Monte VideoBakerCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
3/1/1868BrookingEleanor36Cape TownMarried womanCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
3/1/1868DunnRobert27EnglandSeamanCholeraBritish Hospital 
5/1/1868RussellThomas29EnglandMaster of the steam launch LuciaCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
5/1/1868CraigdallieMargaret39Buenos Aires CholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
7/1/1868WilsonFrances15Buenos Aires CholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
8/1/1868CraigdallieDavid66ScotlandCarpenterCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
8/1/1868MackinlayDaniel48Buenos AiresMerchantCholeraSan Isidro, Buenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
9/1/1868MinshellJames40EnglandSeamanCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
9/1/1868DavidsonFlorencio11Buenos Aires CholeraTigreJ. F. Thompson
13/1/1868CarterRobert Sackville, New BrunswickMaster mariner, Brother's PrideCholeraInner Roads, Buenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
14/1/1868LeslieJohn50BelfastDoctor of medicineCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
14/1/1868StarkMary25Scotland CholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
14/1/1868HannayThomas Edmund26England CholeraBuried at his uncle's estanciaJames Smith
15/1/1868SheenEdward19EnglandFarmerCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
17/1/1868TaylorGeorge17St. John's, New BrunswickSeaman, Brother's PrideCholeraInner Roads, Buenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
17/1/1868AndersonJohn23DenmarkSeaman, Brother's PrideCholeraInner Roads, Buenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
18/1/1868HaydenSarah37Buenos AiresWifeCholeraBuenos AiresW. Goodfellow
18/1/1868PenkethGeorge40EnglandBoilermakerCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
19/1/1868McLachlanJames32Paisley, ScotlandCarpenterCholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
20/1/1868McMullenDaniel25ScotlandBakerCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
20/1/1868StockdaleJanec. 65IrelandLodging house keeperCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
20/1/1868HenryHugh25Kilmarnock, ScotlandBlacksmithCholeraBarracas del Norte, Buenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
21/1/1868SanchesLouisa11Buenos Aires CholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
21/1/1868ThomasMary Janeabt. 30Isle of ManMarried womanCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
23/1/1868MartinRobert30EnglandSeamanCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
23/1/1868HansenJohn25DenmarkSeamanCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
23/1/1868WadeJohn28Lancashire, EnglandEngineerCholeraBarracas del Norte, Buenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
23/1/1868TalbotGeorge64DublinFormerly Major in HBM's serviceCholeraBelgrano, Buenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
23/1/1868ZimmermannWilliam HenryBuenos Aires CholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
23/1/1868ReidMary Ann30Buenos Aires CholeraPartido de CañuelasJames Smith
24/1/1868MurrayJohn Waterford, IrelandSeaman, British Brig IdeletteCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
25/1/1868SpraggonJane58EnglandMarried womanCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
25/1/1868BrownJanet43ScotlandWife of Henry McKenzieCholeraPartido de ???James Smith
29/1/1868ShillinghamRobert7m.Partido de Ranchos CholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
30/1/1868FullerMathew27USAServantCholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
30/1/1868UpcherAnn Louisa24Norfolk, EnglandMarried womanCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
30/1/1868UpcherSperanza Ruth9m.Buenos Aires CholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
31/1/1868RobertsMorgan87WalesSmithCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
31/1/1868SpraggonJohn68EnglandQuinteroCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
17/2/1868HunterJohnc. 45ScotlandSheep farmerCholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
2/3/1868WoodIda E.21East Benton, PennsylvaniaWifeCholeraOuter Roads, Buenos AiresW. Goodfellow
21/3/1868GrimsditchThomas57EnglandMaster marinerCholera James Smith
21/3/1868PetersenJohn43SwedenCarpenterCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
22/3/1868Hodgson????40EnglandMaster marinerCholeraBritish HospitalJ. Chubb Ford
5/4/1868NobleJanet Miller64Scotland CholeraBuenos AiresJames Smith
29/7/1868DanaJohn Winchester59Fryeburg, Maine, U.S.A.Lawyer, formerly Governor of the State of MaineCholeraPartido de Pavón, Santa Fe ProvinceJ. Chubb Ford
6/2/1869ReesElizabethc. 35Narberth, South WalesSingle woman and servantAsiatic CholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
20/2/1869AbbotJohn33EnglandCombmakerCholeraBocaH. G. Jackson
27/2/1869HendersonJoseph G.7Scotland CholerineBuenos AiresJames Smith
2/3/1869McEleryEdward25Massachusetts, USAStevedoreCholeraBuenos AiresH. G. Jackson
7/3/1869AldridgeWilliam48LondonStevedoreCholeraBuenos AiresJ. Chubb Ford
14/3/1869Wilson [Welson]William56EnglandCarpenterCholeraBuenos Aires, Native Hospital 
7/5/1869ReynoldsEdward27ScotlandPeonCholeraBritish Hospital 
13/9/1869NewtonRichard Blake66LondonEstancieroCholeraEstancia Santa Maria, Partido de Chascomús, Buenos Aires; died 14/1/1868J. Chubb Ford
28/9/1869BrownJane31Buenos Aires CholeraPartido de RanchosJames Smith
24/10/1869RiddleAnn2  CholeraDied Feb. 1868James Smith
24/11/1869RiddleJohn50ScotlandEstancieroCholeraPartido de Salto; died Feb. 1868James Smith
14/3/1870VaughanLouis Richard Grismond26Hyde, Kent, EnglandFormerly Merchant's clerk, latterly LabourerCholeraLobos, Buenos Aires, died 20/1/1868J. Chubb Ford
26/3/1870ClelandThomas49ScotlandSheep FarmerCholeraPartido de Chascomús; died 7/2/1868James Smith
12/11/1870BrotherstonHelen73Scotland CholerineBuenos AiresJames Smith
2/5/1873McKiddieAlex38ScotlandSheep farmerCholeraDied 26/1/1868James Smith
2/5/1873McKiddieAgnes35Scotland CholeraDied 26/1/1868James Smith
2/5/1873McKiddieDavid24Scotland CholeraDied 26/1/1868James Smith
12/9/1877DayJames Porter57England CholeraDied 19/1/1868James Smith
12/9/1877DayCatherine Eliza45England CholeraDied 30/1/1868James Smith
Sources: Burial register at the British Cemetery, Chacarita
Checked against the burial registers at St John's Anglican Church and St Andrew's Scots Church

Officiating Ministers
Transcriptions by Jeremy Howat and Marie Renée Rodrigue
Translations by Christine Livingston Wall.
John Thompson's letter by kind permission of Arthur Thomson.
Excerpt from Lucy Wyatt-Smith's diary by kind permission of Judy Barradell-Smith

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